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Communications

Telephones – Main Lines in Use:
313.68 million (2009)
country comparison to the world: 1

Telephones – Mobile Cellular:
747 million (2009)
country comparison to the world: 1

Telephone System:
general assessment: domestic and international services are increasingly available for private use; unevenly distributed domestic system serves principal cities, industrial centers, and many towns; China continues to develop its telecommunications infrastructure, and is partnering with foreign providers to expand its global reach; China in the summer of 2008 began a major restructuring of its telecommunications industry, resulting in the consolidation of its six telecom service operators to three, China Telecom, China Mobile and China Unicom, each providing both fixed-line and mobile services

domestic: interprovincial fiber-optic trunk lines and cellular telephone systems have been installed; mobile-cellular subscribership is increasing rapidly; the number of Internet users exceeded 250 million by summer 2008; a domestic satellite system with 55 earth stations is in place

international: country code – 86; a number of submarine cables provide connectivity to Asia, the Middle East, Europe, and the US; satellite earth stations – 7 (5 Intelsat – 4 Pacific Ocean and 1 Indian Ocean; 1 Intersputnik – Indian Ocean region; and 1 Inmarsat – Pacific and Indian Ocean regions) (2008)

Broadcast Media:
all broadcast media are owned by, or affiliated with, the Communist Party of China or a government agency; no privately-owned television or radio stations with state-run Chinese Central TV, provincial, and municipal stations offering more than 2,000 channels

Internet Country Code:
.cn

Internet Hosts:
15.251 million (2010)
country comparison to the world: 6

Internet Users:
389 million (2009)
country comparison to the world: 1

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