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About China

Background:
For centuries China stood as a leading civilization, outpacing the rest of the world in the arts and sciences, but in the 19th and early 20th centuries, the country was beset by civil unrest, major famines, military defeats, and foreign occupation. After World War II, under MAO Zedong established a socialist system ensuring China’s sovereignty, imposed controls. After 1978, MAO’s successor DENG Xiaoping and other leaders focused on market-oriented economic development and by 2000 output had quadrupled. For much of the population, living standards have improved dramatically and the room for personal choice has expanded. China since the early 1990s has increased its global outreach and participation in international organizations.

U.S. China Relations:
U.S. China relations refers to international relations between the People’s Republic of China (PRC) and the United States of America (USA). Most analysts have characterized present U.S. China relations as complex and multi-faceted, with the United States and the People’s Republic of China being neither allies nor enemies. Generally, the U.S. government and military establishment do not regard the Chinese as an adversary, but as a competitor in some areas and a partner in others.

As of 2010, the United States has the world’s largest economy while China’s economy is the second largest. China has the world’s largest population while the United States’ population is the third largest. The two countries are the two largest consumers of motor vehicles and oil. They are the two largest emitters of greenhouse gases.

Relations between the People’s Republic of China and the United States have generally been stable with some periods of tension.

While there are some irritants in U.S. China relations, there are also many stabilizing factors. The People’s Republic of China and the United States are major trade partners and have common interests in the prevention and suppression of terrorism and in preventing nuclear proliferation. China and the US are each other largest trading partners excluding the European Union. China is also the U.S.’s largest foreign creditor. China’s challenges and difficulties are also mainly internal, and therefore there is a desire on the part of the PRC to maintain stable relations with the United States. The U.S. China relationship has been described by top leaders and academics as the world’s most important bilateral relationship of the 21st century.

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